Diabetes is a metabolic disease where your body is unable to produce the hormone called Insulin. Insulin helps move the sugar we consume from the blood and into the cells where it is converted into energy. A lack of insulin causes the sugar/glucose levels in the blood to increase. Excessive blood glucose can reduce the quality of life as well as lead to complications such as kidney disease, heart disease, hypertension, cataracts, and strokes.
According to reports, an estimated 3.4 million people in Canada have diabetes with roughly 2.3 million Canadians reportedly diagnosed in 2017 alone. There isn’t a particular reason that causes diabetes in people, but there are certain factors such as age, genetics, high blood pressure, and cholesterol that can increase the risk of developing diabetes. Early diagnosis of a pre-diabetic condition can help prevent it from becoming a serious lifelong condition.
Here are some classic symptoms that might be your body warning you against the rising glucose levels in your blood;
Glucose is the primary source of energy for your brain. A decreased insulin production will cause it to fluctuate causing you to experience brain fog and fatigue. Excessive fatigue causes the brain to slow down resulting in an inability to concentrate, disorientation, mood swings, forgetfulness, irritability, and confusion.
Excessive Thirst and Dry Mouth:
High glucose levels in the blood trigger the kidneys to work overtime to try and filter it out of the blood. This can lead to an increased production of urine causing the person to urinate more frequently. This sets up a domino effect where the body becomes dehydrated due to the loss of necessary fluids. As a result, you feel thirsty more often and develop dry mouth syndrome. So if you notice an increased need to go to the bathroom and feeling thirsty most of the time, it might be time to check your blood sugar level.
Hunger and Unexpected Weight Loss:
Our pancreas produces insulin to prepare the digestive system for the incoming food. The insulin breaks down the sugar in the food into glucose and transfers it into cells for energy. If the insulin in your body is not doing its job effectively, the pancreas starts producing more to compensate. The increased insulin levels signal your brain that your body requires more food causing you to feel hungry all the time.
However, even with increased consumption of food if you find yourself losing weight fast, you might have type-2 diabetes. The frequent urination and insufficient insulin can make you lose more calories and vital body fluids resulting in excessive weight loss.
Make Smart Lifestyle Choices!
The good news is that diabetes can be prevented by adjusting your diet and lifestyle choices. Incorporate exercise into your daily routine and be more physically active. Eat more healthy foods such as good quality proteins, healthy fats, and plenty of vegetables while reducing your sugar and refined carbohydrate intake. Try to reduce some weight if your BMI is particularly high and monitor your blood glucose regularly!
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