Most people who deal with bunions find relief from pain in simple treatments. These treatments work by reducing pressure on the big toe using pads that are placed on the insides of shoes. These wider shoes need to be worn regularly.
But while these measures work for the preliminary stages of the condition, as it progresses and the bone protrudes more, your podiatric specialist might recommend bunion repair surgery.
There are various corrective procedures for bunions. Most of these revolve around setting the toe back to its original position, which might include realigning the nerves, tendons, ligaments, and bone.
Are You A Likely Candidate For A Surgery?
As a general rule of thumb, if the bunion is not of any inconvenience or is not causing unmanageable pain, you don’t need to undergo surgery. The growth can be prevented and slowed with other measures to control the pain.
Most doctors oppose surgery until it is absolutely necessary. Suitable candidates for bunion surgery experience pain that interferes with daily activities—like wearing everyday shoes, walking, and running.
You will also be recommended to get surgery if you have an inflamed big toe that won’t heal with any amount of rest or medication. You might also be suggested surgery if your big toe starts to move toward the small toes.
The following are some surgical procedures that are used to operate a bunion:
Repairing The Ligaments And Tendons
Podiatric specialists resort to repairing the tendons and ligaments in cases where the soft tissues surrounding the big toe becomes too tight or too loose. This imbalance pushes the toe to move toward the adjacent toe.
For this treatment, your podiatric doctor will make small cuts on the bone to realign it with the joint. After making the cuts, the doctor can fix the deformity with screws, plates, or pins. As a result of this surgery, the joint will be more balanced, and the bone will become straighter.
Arthrodesis is usually recommended for patients who have a severe case of bunions or arthritis. It can also be performed on patients who have had unsuccessful bunion surgeries in the past.
During this procedure, the podiatric doctor replaces the arthritic joint with plates, wires, or screws until the affected bones heal.
Exostectomy cannot be performed as a holistic bunion removal procedure alone. It needs to be performed in combination with soft tissue procedures; or else, the bunion will return. In an exostectomy, the podiatric doctor will remove the bump from the toe joint and realign the soft tissues with the help of osteotomy.
In addition to providing bunion surgeries, they also provide fungal infections, treatments for ingrown nails, heel pain, warts, and painful foot and ankle deformities.