Health & Medical Marijuana

4 Types of Terpenes And Their Medicinal Properties

Small bottle of terpenes on a tree trunk with leaves
Written by Nancy

According to the Global Terpenes Market Research Report 2020, the global terpenes market is expected to reach a value of $700 million by 2026. The market has seen an increase in sales of 5% every year since 2012. The booming industry’s products are used in skincare, cleaning, and even in healthcare.

Here are some terpenes and their medicinal benefits.


Limonene is famous for its fruity and citrusy fragrance. It is used to add aroma to cosmetic and cleaning products and is also used in food and beverages to add flavor.

However, limonene offers more than just its smell and flavor enhancements. It has anti-inflammatory, stress, and pain relief properties too. You can use it to relax and calm yourself on those stressful days. According to the Encyclopedia of Toxicology, limonene also has anti-cancer properties, and when ingested, can stall the progress of cancer. It can also reduce liver damage. Mammary tumors in animals have also been reduced by dietary limonene use.


Caryophyllene is commonly found in black pepper, cinnamon, and other herbs and spices. Much like limonene, it has anti-inflammatory, stress, and pain relief properties. Its ability to reduce inflammation can result in quicker wound healing. It also can suppress cancer cells and their growth. According to a 2012 study, caryophyllene terpenes can help induce sleep and increase your sleep time.


Myrcene is commonly found in cannabis, lemongrass, and many other plants and fruits. It has been used as a painkiller due to its sedative attribute. It is also believed to reduce pain, inflammation, and bacterial growth. According to a study on myrcene, the terpenes impact pain receptors, decreasing the amount of pain felt by the user. Myrcene can also protect your skin against ultraviolet damage and aging.

A pinecone hanging from a tree


As the name suggests, it is derived from pine needles and has a natural scent. Pinene can also be found in basil and other plants. It offers a wide range of benefits, including anticoagulant, antitumor, antimicrobial and antioxidant.


A study on the therapeutic potential of pinene showed that it could protect human skin from UV damage. Lastly, much like the formerly mentioned terpenes, pinene can also hinder breast cancer and leukemia.

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About the author


I’m Nancy and no, I didn’t always look like I do in that picture on the right. My foray into health and fitness began as a brace-faced, 16 year-old who was too afraid to wear a two-piece at the beach because I felt my body paled in comparison to my much more toned friends.

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