Diagnosis and Treatment of Bunions

Written by Nancy

A bunion is a small, painful bump that forms on the side of your big toe. This bump develops because of shoes that are too narrow, causing the big toe to push up against the others or even slide up or below them.

Although anyone can develop a bunion, the tendency of developing them is more common among women than men. This may be because of the style of footwear women prefer to wear.

People in occupations which involve them standing for longer periods of time are also far more susceptible to bunions; nursing, teaching, and ballet dancing are just a few.


Symptoms other than an apparent bump on the toe include:

  • Swelling, soreness, or redness around the big toe
  • Persistent pain
  • Burning sensation
  • Numbness
  • Calluses or red skin


The development of bunions over the toe is not limited to a single factor. Possible causes for it include:

  • Unusually flexible joints
  • Inherited structural deformity
  • Foot injuries

Narrow, tight, and high-heeled shoes are also considered to be likely reasons. Bunions might also be associated with certain health conditions, such as arthritis, and gout, and should be treated right away. Their progressive nature does not allow the bump to go away; in fact, it worsens over time.

foot and ankle


Bunions can be treated in many different ways, depending on their severity and the amount of pain they cause. Conservative treatment strategies include:

  • Changing shoes: Comfortable footwear might be an easy solution, considering many of these sore bumps are caused by narrow, cramped shoes. Some good choices include sandals, athletic, or soft leather shoes.
  • Applying ice: Icing the bunion may help relieve the soreness and inflammation, ultimately reducing the pain.
  • Shoe inserts: Many podiatrists also recommend shoe inserts to help position the foot correctly and reduce chances of developing such sore bumps.


Inflammatory drugs such as aspirin, ibuprofen, and acetaminophen might also help control the severity of the bunion.

If conservative strategies provide no relief in your case, the next step might be surgical treatment. Possible procedures involving surgery are:

  • Removing the swollen tissue
  • Straightening the toe by removing part of the bone
  • Realigning the bone with your foot

Having second thoughts about surgery? Consider visiting a podiatrist. Miami is home to many podiatrists that can help you decide.

Still unsure if your sore feet need medical attention? Pay a visit to the experts at Foot and Ankle Institute and get a consultation. Their accredited experts are available for your service. Treatments range from simple strains to bunions surgery, offering a number of treatment and relief options depending on your circumstances.

About the author



I’m Nancy and no, I didn’t always look like I do in that picture on the right. My foray into health and fitness began as a brace-faced, 16 year-old who was too afraid to wear a two-piece at the beach because I felt my body paled in comparison to my much more toned friends.

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