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The Dos and Don’ts of First Aid

The Dos and Don’ts of First Aid
Written by Nancy

Injuries and wounds are a normal part of life for anyone, but have you ever really thought about the best way to handle them? Most people don’t, according to the Red Cross. Here are some easy points for you to follow, even if you’ve never gone to first aid training school.

Cuts and Open Wounds

Dos: Do clean the cut with antiseptic to lessen the chance of infection. Apply pressure onto a clean wound in order to stop the bleeding. Try and cover the wound with a bandage.

Don’ts: Don’t touch an open wound without cleaning your hands; either wash them with clean water or use a sanitizer before you proceed to attend to the wound. Never press on a wound without making sure that the cut is clean. Don’t hesitate to call 112 if the cut is deep or the bleeding persists.


Dos: Do hold it under slightly cool water and use beer or soft drinks in case there is no cool water. Seek immediate medical help if the person is in extreme pain.

Don’ts: Don’t put ice on it. Covering the burn with thick cream or butter can aggravate the burn and damage the skin. Don’t try to pop blisters or remove any cloth that’s stuck to the burn yourself.


Do: Do deliver a maximum of 5 sharp blows between the shoulders with the heel of your hand. Check the person’s mouth after each blow you give on the back. Start CPR if the obstruction comes out and the person is still unable to breathe.

Don’ts: Don’t try to use your finger to remove the object if you can’t see it. Don’t slap the person on the back because the object can go further down the throat. Don’t attempt the Heimlich maneuver unless you’ve been to first aid training school.

Pulled Muscle/Sprained Ankle


Dos: Ice the sprained muscle immediately with a cold compress. Proceed to bandage the area in order to compress it and elevate the limb by placing it on a higher surface to reduce the pressure from the blood flow to the limb.

Don’ts: Don’t try to stretch the hurt area or walk on it immediately as it can aggravate the sprain. Avoid moving the hurt appendage unless absolutely

If you want to make sure that you have first aid knowledge that could save you and your loved ones a lot of pain, contact Metro Safety Training. They offer first aid courses in British Columbia as well as occupational first aid courses for workplace safety. You can reach them at 604-521-4227.

About the author


I’m Nancy and no, I didn’t always look like I do in that picture on the right. My foray into health and fitness began as a brace-faced, 16 year-old who was too afraid to wear a two-piece at the beach because I felt my body paled in comparison to my much more toned friends.

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