Research shows that the prevalence of bunions is likely to increase with your age and if you’re a woman. Also known as Hallux Valgus, the condition occurs when there is an unnatural bend of the bigger toe towards the other toes. It can develop over time and can be seen as a tender soft tissue that juts out from the medial part of the foot.
The longer you put off treatment or care for the displaced Hallux, which is the big toe, the more complicated your foot can get.
It can cause misalignment of the toes and for the smaller toes to not function, which can cause more exacerbated deformities in the foot. These include hammer toes or claw toes and shifting weight while you walk as well as getting calluses and corns more frequently.
Walking can become increasingly painful, especially if you have to wear pointed heels frequently to work.
Let’s take a look at what causes bunion pain and how you can ease the pain.
What causes bunion pain?
Some of the common causes of bunions include the following:
- Wearing shoes that cramp your toes together and restrict movement can permanently place the joints in that position. This can occur with different kinds of shoes, but it most commonly happens with high heels.
- If your job requires you to stand continuously for longer periods, it can put extra pressure on your Hallux and the joints around it.
- Rheumatoid arthritis in the foot can not only cause bunions but aggravate its symptoms.
- You can have a genetic predisposition to developing bunions. On the other hand, injuries can also lead to the development of bunions.
Relieving symptoms of bunions
Some common symptoms include:
- Burning sensation or numbness
- Excessive soreness and pain
- Swollen joint (the big toe)
Non-surgical options for relieving these symptoms start with changing your everyday footwear.
- Go for shoes that have a wider toe-box, so the front of your foot has room to expand.
- You can also place pads inside corrective footwear to minimize pain.
- Limit participating in activities that can aggravate the symptoms.
- Ice the inflamed area several times during the day.
- Invest in orthotic foot care instruments to facilitate movement.
- Sometimes non-surgical treatments are not efficient in relieving bunion pain which is when you can seek surgical options which are quicker in relieving pain and provide more long term relief. The procedure aims to correct the structure of the foot and the deformed soft tissue.
- Consult a professional so they can thoroughly examine the extent of the deformity before proceeding.