Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of death globally and are the second leading cause of death in Canada. Some major symptoms of heart attack include sudden tightness or aching sensation in chest, fatigue, cold sweat and dizziness. These are the symptoms that doctors ask cardiovascular patients to look out for in the event of an impending heart attack.
But there are some overlooked symptoms that may signal a heart attack that you should be on the lookout for if you’re at risk. Most basic life support trainings, such as those offered by Metro Safety, also educate participants about these underlying symptoms.
Irregular heartbeat is when the heart starts beating faster or slower than usual. This can usually indicate anxiety, excitement and sudden rush of intense emotions but sometimes it can also indicate an underlying heart condition.
One of the most overlooked symptoms of a cardiac arrest is an irregular heartbeat. Stay vigilant if your heart starts beating irregularly and if you notice an abnormality, call the paramedics and your doctor right away. Taking first aid training is also helpful since it also covers the basics on dealing with this symptom.
Swollen Legs, Ankles or Feet
When the heart stops working properly, fluid may build up in the tissues of the lower legs, ankles or feet. This kind of swelling may leave an indentation if it’s pressed against. Although, there may be other reasons (such as a kidney disease or salt retention) for the sudden swelling in these areas, it’s also an indication of an impending heart attack.
Changes in Skin Color and/or Texture:
The surfacing of yellow patches on the skin indicate reserves of fat that builds up under the skin. These may start showing up on different parts of the body from hands and knees to buttocks.
They indicate an excess of fat content in the body which can lead to heart attack. These may also disappear once the body has gotten rid of the excess fat.
Another indication of an underlying heart disease on the skin can be in the form of dark and velvety patches called acanthosis nigricans. This form of hyperpigmentation is found in the folds of the skin such as the folds of the neck, armpits and forehead.
It’s a condition found mostly in patients with diabetes but if you’re not being treated for diabetes, it’s best to discuss it with your doctor.
Bleeding or swollen gums indicate that there are underlying cardiovascular issues in the body. A lot of research indicates that the connection between gum disease and cardiovascular disease is bacterial.
Bacteria from the infected gum may enter the bloodstream and set off inflammatory reactions in the heart, which can prove to be life-threatening at times.
These symptoms aren’t talked about as often but they’re also not uncommon. First aid training can prove to be extremely useful when it comes to learning about these symptoms and dealing with them until you can reach a doctor.
Teams like Metro Safety First Aid Training School are on the forefront of giving basic first aid education in Coquitlam, Canada. You can reach them at 604-521-4227 for more details about their courses.