Can’t sleep, walk, or reach the medicine cabinet? A knot or a twisted muscle can restrict mobility. Here is all you need to know about neck and shoulder pain.
Neck and shoulder anatomy
The structure of neck and shoulder depends on the alignment of fascia and muscles between them. Your rib cage is the strong anchor for your shoulder, neck and head. The skeletal structure of shoulder and neck consists of cervical spine, clavicle (collar bone), and scapula (shoulder blades).
These muscle and bones work together to allow a range of motion in your body. An injury or poor posture can disrupt the balance between the muscle and fascia, causing discomfort.
Common causes of neck and shoulder pain
Rotary cuff tendinitis
This condition is prevalent in many people and is caused by inflammation in the tendons. This inhibits your shoulder’s joint movement. It is also known as impingement syndrome.
People who sit in same posture for long hours, lift heavy objects, sleep on the same side every day, or practice sports like swimming, tennis, or baseball are susceptible to this condition.
An injury can happen due to practicing a sport, accident, or overuse of muscle. There can be a tear in the muscle or a dislocation of joint. With timely treatment and physiotherapy, you can heal your injury in no time.
Arthritis is characterised with muscle stiffness, swelling, and pain. It affects middle aged and elderly people. The condition may progresses with age. Excessive use of neck and shoulder muscle can tear the ligament, causing the joints to rub against each other.
Fracture neck and shoulder
Any type of fracture is detrimental to your healthy, but sustaining an injury near your cervical bone can impair movement. Fracture can cause bruising, swelling, irritation, and inflammation in the affected area. If the break is severe, long term physical therapy is required to regain movement.
Another factor that causes discomfort and restricts mobility is nerve damage. Common symptoms of a compressed nerve are tingling, numbness, and pain in the affected area. A nerve can be compressed due to an injury or a medical condition. By visiting a chronic pain management clinic, flexibility and mobility can be gained in the affected area.
Revaluate your lifestyle
If you are experiencing neck and shoulder pain frequently, evaluate your lifestyle. You may be applying undue stress on your muscles. Focus on a healthy diet; make exercise a constant part of your lifestyle.
Correct your posture
Bad posture can cause many health issues, including neck and shoulder pain. Make sure you sit with sufficient support to your back.
If your job ties you down to a desk, your seating arrangement should be comfortable.
Medicine for pain
Consult a doctor, if the pain is consistent or worsening. Pain medication reduces the immediate discomfort, but does not treat the underlying cause. Commit to a treatment plan that has lasting effects.
When the pain becomes unmanageable or when the damage is beyond your body’s natural healing capacity, a doctor will suggest surgical treatment.
Other treatment plans
Various treatment plans are available in the market to manage pain, such as laser therapy, trigger therapy, chiropractic, prolotherapy, shock wave therapy, etc.