As stated by the American Academy of Periodontology, around half of Americans suffer from periodontal disease. Gum diseases are more commonly said to affect adults—men specifically—as compared to children and women. The severity of gum diseases depends on how soon you diagnose it. If the disease is detected at its early stages, you’re likely to suffer from mild inflammation; however, if attention isn’t given and professional treatment is sought, you might end up with a toothless smile.
How serious is gum disease?
The disease is characterized by bleeding and swollen gums, persistent foul smell in the mouth, increased sensitivity to varying temperatures, difficulty in chewing food, and an overall sore feeling.
This condition arises when excess plaque deposits on the tooth surface and hardens into a much stubborn form called tartar. The bacteria in our mouth consume the sugar we consume, leaving behind acid. As a result, the gums become inflamed and a condition called gingivitis surfaces. Soon, the gums start receding from the rest of the teeth, exposing the enamel and causing the tooth to fall out.
The treatment of gum disease depends on the stage of the disease. Some of them are as follows:
- Professional cleaning
One of the common reasons why we suffer from gum diseases is because we pay little heed to oral health. The tartar and plaque that accumulates on the tooth’s surface are nearly impossible to be cleaned with regular flossing. Professional deep cleaning penetrates the spaces between the teeth where your toothbrush can’t reach.
Please note that this does not work as a treatment for active gum disease. It is more of a preventative measure that dentists often suggest if you’ve started developing signs.
- Scaling and root planing
This procedure can only be performed by a certified dentist. The patient is first given local anesthetic and the excess plaque is scraped away from above and below the gum using non-surgical and non-invasive methods.
The next step is planning. Here, the roots are made smooth so the gums can attach to them again. All the places where bacteria once resided are smoothed out and the surface is re-cleaned.
- Pocket reduction surgery
As opposed to scaling and root planning, this one is a surgical method. Bacteria normally grow in the spaces between the gum and the root where it can easily hide.
With this method, some part of the tissue is lifted and replaced so it fits tightly around the gums. When the tissue is lifted, excess tartar is also removed and irregular areas are smoothed out. This method is only needed when the tissues are unhealthy and won’t support non-surgical methods efficiently.
Before you end up with a toothless smile, get in touch with a certified dentist to get your symptoms checked. If you’re looking for dental care in Germantown, contact Advanced Dental Center. They offer both general and cosmetic dentistry services. To book an appointment, contact them via their website.