Periodontal disease is a type of gum disease that is often linked with gingivitis. Gum disease starts off with gingivitis and if left untreated, can develop into severe periodontitis. The gums, teeth, bones and oral health are all left affected by the disease.
Periodontitis develops due to poor oral hygiene and lack of brushing and flossing. According to data collected by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), over half of the adult American population over 30 years of age suffers from periodontal disease.
Other factors that contribute to periodontal disease include diabetes, heart disease, poor nutrition and dental care, smoking and drinking excessively that makes people more likely to reach this severe stage of gum disease.
Periodontitis is a serious oral infection that must be detected early so that surgery can be avoided. It is best to be aware of the signs and symptoms of periodontitis so that a medical intervention can be made.
Inflamed and Bleeding Gums
The early signs of gum disease are red, swollen and tender gums that are prone to bleeding. This is the sign of early stage gingivitis that causes gums to be irritated and feel painful. Periodontitis develops over time and the inflammation increases along with throbbing pain and extreme bleeding.
There will be a constant bad taste in your mouth no matter how much you brush your teeth. The unpleasant odor will be caused by the bacteria rotting away in our mouth. The bacteria slowly festers and grows between your teeth and travels to the gums leading to periodontal disease.
Poor oral health leads to the development of bacteria which contributes to the formation of dental plaque. A hard film coats the teeth and forms pale yellow tarter that cuases the degeneration of gums, bones and tissues.
The tender gums develop pus and small, white spots that are swollen. This is an indication of abscess formation which means that the bacteria have worked its way into the gum tissues. The pus pockets will be painful and leak a discharge upon bursting.
Receding Gum line
The teeth take on an elongated shape and start pulling away from the gums. You will notice that the roots of your teeth are exposed and there is increased sensitivity to hot and cold temperatures.
If you notice space developing between your teeth, then that is a sign of periodontal pocket formation. The teeth start to shift and ache and the bite changes as well. Contact a dentist immediately if your teeth don’t fit together when you close your mouth.
Visit a Dentist
Get an early start on periodontitis treatment by booking an appointment with a dentist. Don’t delay your dental care as delay will only make it worse.
Search for a qualified dental practice near you. Contact Dana DDS and Associates at ICCSmiles for periodontal dental treatments and other dental services in Colesville.