What is a Periodontal Disease?
Periodontal is a gum disease caused by bacterial infection in the gums. The infection spreads deep, destroying the teeth roots and the support system in the jawbone.
This leads to a loose and weak tooth that may need to be extracted. One of the many early signs of periodontal disease are bleeding gums.
This disease affects the complete structure around the tooth, starting with gums its spreads into cementum and alveolar bone. It begins with gingivitis, an infection affecting the gums, but spreads deeper destroying supporting tissues.
What Are The Causes Of Gum Diseases?
When the accumulation of bacteria, mucus and other particles increases in a person’s mouth, a sticky colorless substance is formed called plaque.
If a proper teeth cleaning regime is followed, plaque can be easily removed, but if it is not removed, it solidifies forming ‘tartar’. Tartar removal requires a visit to a dentist and can’t be remedied by brushing or flossing.
The longer you let plaque accumulate around your teeth, the chances of bacteria attack increases. With time, the bacteria cause inflammation around the gums. This is known as gingivitis. The gums easily bleed and remain swollen and red.
Gingivitis can be easily treated by a dentist; this disease causes no bone loss. That being said, if remained untreated, the infection can worsen and cause periodontitis.
An untreated gingivitis can lead to periodontitis; pockets are made around the teeth due to swollen gums. Gums recede, forming small spaces called pockets, which are then exposed to bacterial infection.
The plaque accumulation grows and spreads below the gum line. The immune system tries to fight the bacteria, the reaction caused by toxin and immune system causes bone and tissue decay. If this is not treated promptly, teeth may become loose and may need extraction.
- Smokers are at a higher risk of gum disease than others. Their smoking habit also lower the impact of any sort of treatment.
- Women who are undergoing a hormonal change have sensitive gums, putting them at a high risk of this disease.
- Diabetic people are generally at a higher risk of acquiring infections, even one related to gums.
- Stress weakens immune system; this may make it harder for your body to fight infections.
- If you have a habit of grinding and gritting your teeth, then stop. As they exert pressure on the bone causing the breakdown process to start at an early stage. This puts you at a risk of acquiring gum diseases.
- If saliva inhibiting medicines are being used, your teeth are prone to gum infections.
What Are The Symptoms?
You might experience the following;
- Consistent bad breath
- Swollen and red gums
- Easily bleeding gums
- Pain while chewing
- Loose teeth
- Sensitive teeth
- Protruding gums/pockets
- Teeth might appear longer
What Are The Treatments Available?
The severity of infection will determine the course of treatment. Along with the dentist treatment, a healthy teeth cleaning routine needs to be set-up in order to keep the gums healthy.
The dentist might prescribe scaling and root planing to limit the bacterial infection. Scaling is a deep cleaning method to remove plaque. Root planing helps remove bacteria and rough spots from the roots.