Foot injuries

Plantar Fasciitis: Symptoms, Causes, & Treatment

foot problems
Written by Nancy

If the first steps you take after you get out of bed are painful, you may have plantar fasciitis. Every year around 2-3 million patients seek medical help to treat foot pain.

Heel pain is incredibly common which is also why it’s often ignored. Foot pain is essentially a stabbing pain that is triggered due to inflammation of tissue in the foot called plantar fascia. This tissue links the heel to the toes and is susceptible to all kinds of injuries. Although most people experience the pain only in heel, it can extend to the rest of the ligament.

The pain is worse in the morning when the plantar fasciitis is suddenly stretched after resting for many hours. The pressure from the body’s weight causes pain which is worsened when the individual begins stretching and walking.

Causes of Plantar Fasciitis

There are several reasons as to why an individual experiences plantar fasciitis. Being overweight, standing on your feet for long periods of times and wearing shoes that don’t provide the support your feet need, are all contributing factors.

Additionally, any sort of impact exercises such as sprinting that causes the calf muscles to tighten and limit the mobility of the ankle can cause plantar fasciitis. People who wear high heels regularly experience excruciating pains in their heels.

Leaving plantar fasciitis untreated can cause heel spurs which is an unsightly growth of the bone in the heel.



A foot doctor will thoroughly examine the foot and check for areas that are tender and inflamed before suggesting appropriate treatments. They’ll even move the foot around to assess the mobility of the ankle and the height of the arch.

In complex cases, the doctor may ask for an X-ray or MRI to be carried out to narrow down hidden causes of foot pain that may not be visible to the naked eye. These procedures usually help to spot signs of arthritis and fractures.

There are 3 main ways to treat the condition. These include:

  • Stretching the ligaments and the muscle groups that sit in the rear of the leg
  • Wearing high quality footwear that provides adequate support to the foot when walking
  • Reducing inflammation

After completing a year of treatment, patients usually feel a lot better.

Most doctors will recommend physical therapy to treat plantar fasciitis. In complicated cases, a surgery may have to be performed.

If you’re suffering from constant heel pain, you may be experiencing plantar fasciitis. Ignoring the pain may make it difficult to go about your daily activities, find a foot and ankle specialist and have the pain treated.

Foot and Ankle Institute in Miami offers a range of treatments for foot and ankle injuries including physical therapy and PRP. Call (305) 695-7777 to set up an appointment.

About the author



I’m Nancy and no, I didn’t always look like I do in that picture on the right. My foray into health and fitness began as a brace-faced, 16 year-old who was too afraid to wear a two-piece at the beach because I felt my body paled in comparison to my much more toned friends.

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