When engaging in sports activities, highly-trained athletes and weekend warriors are both equally vulnerable to injuries. According to statistics, the number of hospitalizations in Canada caused by sports injuries in the years 2016–17 was very high. Cycling caused 4,300 injuries, snowboarding caused 1,700, and soccer caused 267.
While a sports injury is essentially any kind of injury that occurs during a sports game, the term commonly refers to injuries that affect the musculoskeletal system.
The most common types of sports injuries are as follows.
1. Plantar Fasciitis
Sports activities and exercise such as long-distance running, ballet dancing, jumping and more, can put immense pressure on your heels that can lead to you developing plantar fasciitis. It’s a condition in which the patient experiences inflammation in the heel and intense stabbing pain at the bottom of the foot that usually occurs in the morning.
2. Golfer’s Elbow
Golfer’s elbow is a condition in which the patient experiences pain, starting from the tendons of the forearm to the inside of the elbow. This problem isn’t limited to just golfers, tennis players and sportspersons who constantly use their wrists are also vulnerable to the golfer’s elbow.
Caused by repeated impact on the same area, tendonitis is a kind of sports injury that causes inflammation and tension in a tendon. Tendonitis can affect a person’s shoulder, knee, hip or elbow. Its symptoms include loss of movement and pain that gradually increases in intensity.
A sprain is essentially the tearing of stretching of the ligament. It causes pain and its symptoms include swelling, bruising and loss of movement. When an athlete suffers from a sprain, they might have to refrain from sports for weeks or even months.
5. Whiplash Injuries
When a sudden forceful impact during a game causes a players head or neck to snap back abruptly, such an injury is called a whiplash injury. Whiplash is also known as cervical hyperextension and can cause stiffness in the affected area. Some other symptoms of whiplash include headaches, dizziness, numbness in the arm, and sleeping problems.
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