The U.S. Department of State defines human trafficking or modern slavery as “the act of recruiting, harboring, transporting, providing or obtaining a person for compelled labor or commercial sex acts through the use of force, fraud or coercion.”
Even in this day and age, trafficking is one of the most pressing human rights issues. Some human trafficking cases, such as Boko Haram, have garnered a lot of media attention. Yet, there are countless cases that are not even reported.
Every year, thousands of vulnerable children, women and men from different parts of the world are affected by this horrific crime.
Here are some pertinent facts that you need to know about human trafficking:
Human trafficking is a multi-billion industry
Human trafficking is a flourishing industry. According to data posted by the International Labor Organization, the industry generates US $150 billion every year, with two–thirds of the amount accounting for sexual exploitation.
Money is the main motivator for human trafficking
No surprises here, most people engage in human trafficking business for money. About 92.5% of human trafficking cases involve sexual exploitation and forced labour.
Human trafficking is prevalent in both underdeveloped and developed nations
Human trafficking is a global epidemic affecting individuals living in industrialized, developing and underdeveloped countries. The number of victims worldwide stood at 100, 409 in 2017 as compared to 30,961 in 2008. In the United States, 403,000 people were facing conditions of modern slavery in 2016.
Meanwhile, 8,524 suspected cases of human trafficking were reported to the National Human Trafficking Hotline in 2017. Regardless of geographical territories, human trafficking can happen anywhere.
Women and children are the primary victims
According to a 2016 United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) report, the majority of human trafficking victims are children (one-third) and women (71 per cent).
However, this does mean that men are not trafficked. In fact, the Human Trafficking Center reveals that 400,000 boys and men are trafficked in the world.
Women and men can be trafficked for different reasons. The UNODC report shows that girls and women are primarily trafficked for sexual and marriage, while boys and men for exploitative labour.
The average cost of trafficking is $90
All it takes is a mere $90 to purchase a person for trafficking. $90 is the average cost of a trafficked person worldwide.
Human trafficking is a crime not just against one individual but the entire humanity. Turning a blind eye to the issue is no longer the solution.
If you have any valuable information on human trafficking, it is important to reach out to the the National Human Trafficking Resource Center.
To learn more about human rights issues across the globe, click here. Free Rein Report is a media organization that is dedicated to an America that embraces the progressive values of freedom, dignity, and justice for all.